Depression And Addiction – How Are They Related?

The old question of the chicken and the egg and which came first applies to this conundrum. Recent studies suggest that depression and addiction recurrently go hand in hand.

There is a strong correlation between depression and addiction and the problem is often approached in 2 different ways.

1. Some conventional psychiatric treatment procedures focus on treating depression as the root cause contributing to the drug or alcohol abuse problem,

2. Others consider depression as a symptom typically revealed after a person gets addicted into substance abuse.

As an addict travels along the ever descending road, whilst experiencing their high, they are in a euphoric state of mind in which they simply become numb to any sort of pain sensations, both emotional and physical. In most cases, addicts are in a worsening or poor state of health. Long-time drug and alcohol abusers also suffer from nutritional deficiencies. Therefore addiction is a progressive complication.

Due to prolonged addiction problems, addicts face variety of emotional, social and physiological problems such as job loss, broken relations, and discontinuation in studies, financial bankruptcy, legal problems and many others, which lead to recurrent episodes of depression. So in one way or other, depression and addiction is highly correlated with each other, especially considering the consequences of addiction.

Depression Often Leads To Relapse

Depression is a critical mental health condition that most frequently coexist with substance abuse disorders. If left untreated depression can hinder the addiction recovery process and may lead to relapse. On the other hand, an untreated addiction problem may also develop depression in the patient and consequently lead to relapse. Hence, this vicious cycle of depression and addiction needs to be recognized and requires simultaneous treatment.

The ideal treatment must focus on the deepest root of the addiction and its consequences incorporating a thorough understanding of the relation between addiction, recovery, depression and relapse. The treatment must be based on a clear understanding of the bio-psychosocial model of addiction and depression. The fundamental principle of treatment will only be established by treating depression coexisting with addiction. The recovery plans need to address the administration of signs and symptoms of both depression and addiction.

Few Essential Facts

In practice, chronic depression is an integral part of the hard reality that addicts face especially during their recovery. When they feel depressed seeing the destruction they have caused in their life. Prolonged usage of drugs alters the brain programming in such a manner that they inevitably search for an escape from the hard reality they face. This depression may again entice them to use drugs all over again. Some people describe the syndromes of depression and addiction as a married couple who can not exist without each other.

Although the addicts’ brain is programmed for quick relief and instant gratification, therefore one should not use anti-depressants even when he feels depressed during recovery. Anti-depressants offer nothing more than a temporary solution. It is better to seek family support at the time of depression or ask for help from volunteers who are continuously contributing in the field of addiction.

Facts About Alcoholism

Alcohol is one of the highly abused drugs around the world. According to the National Institutes of Health in 2012, more than 7.2 percent of adults have an alcohol abuse disorder. It corresponds to around 27 million individuals worldwide. Here are some alcoholism facts which every individual need to know-

It leads to short-term health hazards.
Abusing alcohol for short-term harm alcohol can cause severe damage to health apart from diseases. The injuries include accidents, homicides, falls, alcohol poisoning, sexual assaults. Individuals under the influence of alcoholism have inhibited judgments and decisions that can lead to harmful results.

It can also lead to long-term health effects.
The individual develops the medical conditions of long-term health hazards after the intake of alcohol for a quite long period of time. The hazards involve high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, digestive problems, memory loss, etc.

It relates to sexual assault and domestic violence.
Studies show that alcohol abuse is associated with sexual assault and domestic violence. But it doesn’t mean that alcohol abuse can make an individual do all these but force the individual to involve in these actions under alcohol influence.

Alcohol has effects on the fetus.
Pregnant women, if abuse alcohol, then they tend to put not only themselves in danger but also cause a risk to the unborn child. Abusing alcohol during pregnancy can cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome leading to certain deformities in the child such as hyperactivity, difficulty in vision and hearing, poor coordination, heart problems.

It also affects children in the family.
Children of alcoholic parents are seen to have a higher risk of experience alcohol-related mental health issues. Since the parent here is too much involved in the addictive behavior, children here are more likely to experience repeated neglect, behavioral problems, relationship problems, emotional instability and various other mental health problems.

Genetics is not the only factor responsible for alcoholism.
A family history of alcoholics does put the child at a higher risk for alcoholism but there are also certain other factors such as environmental factors. These include peer pressure, the setting, parenting style, etc along with the genetic seen to contributing to alcoholism.

Alcohol abuse has caused around 5.9 percentage of deaths worldwide.
Alcoholism is one of the lifestyle-related cause of deaths worldwide.
According to the global survey in the year 2014, abusing alcohol caused around 3.3 millions of deaths per year.

Many people think alcohol addiction or alcoholism is a choice of the individual and fail to focus on the fact that not they are affected by it, but also affecting their loved ones.

Alcoholism is a brain disorder and not the matter of character. The above facts are provided with a hope to make people understand the effects of this addictive disorder. If you or your loved one is addicted to alcohol, then help their recovery from their addiction behavior as soon as possible.